ROUTE	Final Fantasy IV Any% No64 (Rosa)
VERSION	12
SPOONY	v0.0.7-46-g2a31175
SEED	195
METHOD	ils+pair
MAXSTEP	256
FRAMES	171021.08299999992596
SCORE	-575976.3190000000177
VARS	0:6 6:10 12:68 26:10 30:18 46:142 56:12 57:1 60:10 71:1 72:13 73:2 76:8 85:20 107:82 111:1 113:28 115:1 128:3 132:20 145:1 152:96 160:26

Overworld (Mist)                                  Seed: 195   Index:   0
Overworld (Kaipo)                                 Seed: 195   Index:   1
  Step  17: 1 / Imp x4 (6.882s)
  Step  18: 2 / Sand Man x4 (7.172s)
Kaipo                                             Seed: 195   Index:  37
Overworld (Kaipo)                                 Seed: 195   Index:  37
Watery Pass-South B1F                             Seed: 195   Index:  69
Recruit Tellah                                    Seed: 195   Index: 101
Watery Pass-South B1F                             Seed: 195   Index: 101
  Step   5: 3 / CaveToad x3 (7.014s)
Watery Pass-South B2F                             Seed: 195   Index: 121
  Step  35: 4 / Pike x2, EvilShel x2 (7.149s)
  Step  63: 5 / Pike x3 (7.152s)
Watery Pass-South Save Room                       Seed: 195   Index: 211
  Extra Steps: 6
Watery Pass-South B2F                             Seed: 195   Index: 221
Watery Pass-South B3F                             Seed: 212   Index:   4
  Step  18: 6 / Jelly x4 (7.324s)
Watery Pass-North B2F                             Seed: 212   Index:  38
Watery Pass-North B1F                             Seed: 212   Index:  59
  Step  25: 7 / CaveToad x2, Mad Toad x2 (7.163s)
  Step  42: 8 / Jelly x4 (7.324s)
Overworld (Kaipo)                                 Seed: 212   Index: 119
Waterfalls B1F                                    Seed: 212   Index: 128
  Extra Steps: 10
Waterfalls B2F                                    Seed: 212   Index: 139
Waterfalls Lake                                   Seed: 212   Index: 184
  Step  16: 9 / Aligator x1, Pike x2 (7.368s)
  Step  23: 10 / Aligator x1, WaterBug x2 (7.292s)
Battle: Octomamm                                  Seed: 212   Index: 221
Waterfalls Lake                                   Seed: 212   Index: 221
Overworld (Kaipo)                                 Seed: 212   Index: 222
Overworld (Damcyan)                               Seed: 212   Index: 233
Damcyan                                           Seed: 212   Index: 237
  Optional Steps: 0
  Extra Steps: 68
Antlion B1F                                       Seed: 229   Index:  56
Antlion B2F Inward Direct                         Seed: 229   Index:  94
  Antlion B2F                                     Seed: 229   Index:  94
    Step  37: 11 / Basilisk x1, Imp x3 (6.775s)
    Step  43: 12 / Weeper x2 (7.114s)
    Step  70: 13 / Cream x4 (7.552s)
Antlion's Nest                                    Seed: 229   Index: 174
Battle: Antlion                                   Seed: 229   Index: 188
Antlion's Nest                                    Seed: 229   Index: 188
  Step   2: 14 / Turtle x2 (7.464s)
  Step   4: 15 / SandWorm x1, Sandpede x1 (6.848s)
Antlion B2F Outward Direct                        Seed: 229   Index: 203
  Antlion B2F                                     Seed: 229   Index: 203
    Step  25: 16 / Basilisk x1, Imp x3 (6.783s)
Antlion B1F                                       Seed: 246   Index:  27
  Step  30: 17 / Turtle x2 (7.464s)
  Step  38: 18 / Imp x3 (6.648s)
Kaipo Revisited                                   Seed: 246   Index:  65
Mt.Hobs-West                                      Seed: 246   Index:  65
Mt.Hobs Summit                                    Seed: 246   Index: 104
  Extra Steps: 10
  Step  22: 19 / Cocktric x3 (7.813s)
  Step  25: 20 / Cocktric x3 (7.813s)
Battle: MomBomb                                   Seed: 246   Index: 129
Mt.Hobs Summit                                    Seed: 246   Index: 129
Mt.Hobs-East                                      Seed: 246   Index: 135
  Step  26: 21 / Gargoyle x2 (7.630s)
  Step  44: 22 / Turtle x2 (7.432s)
Overworld (Fabul)                                 Seed: 246   Index: 181
  Step  13: 23 / Gargoyle x1, Cocktric x2 (8.254s)
  Step  29: 24 / Imp Cap. x3, Needler x1 (8.023s)
Fabul                                             Seed:   7   Index:   9
  Optional Steps: 10
  Extra Steps: 8
Overworld (Fabul)                                 Seed:   7   Index:  87
Fabul Boat and Leviatan                           Seed:   7   Index:  94
Overworld (Mysidia)                               Seed:   7   Index:  94
Mysidia                                           Seed:   7   Index: 103
Overworld (Mysidia)                               Seed:   7   Index: 103
Overworld (Mt.Ordeals)                            Seed:   7   Index: 113
  Step  17: 25 / SwordRat x2, Imp x2, TinyMage x2 (7.401s)
  Step  31: 26 / Raven x1, Cocktric x3 (9.100s)
  Step  33: 27 / Imp Cap. x3, Needler x1 (7.932s)
  Step  46: 28 / Imp Cap. x3, Needler x1 (7.932s)
  Step  69: 29 / SwordRat x2, Imp x2, TinyMage x2 (7.401s)
  Step  70: 30 / Imp Cap. x3, Needler x1 (7.932s)
Mt.Ordeals                                        Seed:   7   Index: 207
  Step  16: 31 / Red Bone x1, Skelton x3 (8.067s)
Mt.Ordeals-3rd station                            Seed:   7   Index: 250
Recruit Tellah                                    Seed:  24   Index:  17
Mt.Ordeals-3rd station                            Seed:  24   Index:  17
Mt.Ordeals-7th station                            Seed:  24   Index:  22
Mt.Ordeals Summit                                 Seed:  24   Index:  64
  Optional Steps: 0
  Step   3: 32 / Zombie x3, Ghoul x2, Revenant x2 (7.869s)
Battle: Milon and Milon Z                         Seed:  24   Index:  81
Mt.Ordeals Summit                                 Seed:  24   Index:  81
Paladin                                           Seed:  24   Index:  85
Mt.Ordeals Summit                                 Seed:  24   Index:  85
  Optional Steps: 0
  Step   8: 33 / Revenant x1, Ghoul x3 (8.489s)
  Step  11: 34 / Ghoul x2, Soul x2 (8.971s)
Mt.Ordeals-7th station                            Seed:  24   Index: 107
Mt.Ordeals-3rd station                            Seed:  24   Index: 149
Mt.Ordeals                                        Seed:  24   Index: 179
  Step  27: 35 / Spirit x3, Soul x1 (8.429s)
Overworld (Mt.Ordeals)                            Seed:  24   Index: 223
  Step   1: 36 / Imp Cap. x3, Needler x1 (7.897s)
Take Chocobo to Mysidia                           Seed:  24   Index: 236
Serpent Road                                      Seed:  24   Index: 236
  Extra Steps: 142
Old Water-way                                     Seed:  41   Index: 126
  Step  77: 37 / Piranha x2, ElecFish x2 (8.877s)
Castle Baron B3F                                  Seed:  41   Index: 216
Castle Baron B2F                                  Seed:  58   Index:  14
  Step   1: 38 / Guard x1, Hydra x2 (8.693s)
  Step  10: 39 / AquaWorm x1, Hydra x1, Crocdile x1 (10.151s)
Castle Baron B1F Inward Direct                    Seed:  58   Index:  40
  Castle Baron B1F                                Seed:  58   Index:  40
    Step  13: 40 / Guard x2 (8.494s)
Castle Baron                                      Seed:  58   Index:  61
Battle: Kainazzo                                  Seed:  58   Index:  75
Overworld (Toroia)                                Seed:  58   Index:  75
Toroian Castle                                    Seed:  58   Index:  76
  Optional Steps: 2
  Extra Steps: 10
Overworld (Toroia)                                Seed:  58   Index:  99
  Optional Steps: 1
Black Chocobo to Cave Magnes                      Seed:  58   Index: 137
Overworld (Toroia)                                Seed:  58   Index: 137
Cave Magnes B1F                                   Seed:  58   Index: 138
  Step   5: 41 / Panther x2 (8.033s)
Cave Magnes B2F                                   Seed:  58   Index: 206
  Extra Steps: 10
  Step  26: 42 / Panther x2 (8.033s)
  Step  43: 43 / Panther x2 (8.033s)
  Step  51: 44 / CaveNaga x1, Ogre x1 (8.581s)
Cave Magnes B3F Inward Direct                     Seed:  75   Index:   1
  Cave Magnes B3F                                 Seed:  75   Index:   1
    Step  47: 45 / Mage x1, Panther x1, Ogre x1 (8.285s)
Cave Magnes B3F Room                              Seed:  75   Index:  71
  Step   1: 46 / Mage x1, Panther x1, Ogre x1 (8.285s)
  Step   6: 47 / Panther x2, Ogre x2 (8.977s)
Cave Magnes B4F Inward Direct                     Seed:  75   Index:  82
  Cave Magnes B4F                                 Seed:  75   Index:  82
Battle: Dark Elf                                  Seed:  75   Index: 112
Overworld (Toroia)                                Seed:  75   Index: 112
Black Chocobo to Toroia                           Seed:  75   Index: 114
Toroian Castle 1F Inward Extra Steps Area Steps   Seed:  75   Index: 114
  Toroian Castle 1F                               Seed:  75   Index: 114
    Optional Steps: 3
    Extra Steps: 10
Overworld (Toroia)                                Seed:  75   Index: 128
  Optional Steps: 2
Tower of Zot 1F                                   Seed:  75   Index: 131
Tower of Zot 2F                                   Seed:  75   Index: 169
  Step  62: 48 / Centaur x3 (8.469s)
Tower of Zot 3F                                   Seed:  75   Index: 238
  Extra Steps: 8
  Step   9: 49 / Centaur x2, IceBeast x2 (10.289s)
  Step  38: 50 / Marion (summons Puppet) x1, Puppet x2 (9.023s)
  Step  50: 51 / Marion (summons Puppet) x1, Puppet x2 (9.023s)
  Step  68: 52 / Marion (summons Puppet) x1, Puppet x2 (9.023s)
  Step  94: 53 / Ice Liz x1, Slime x3 (9.423s)
Tower of Zot 4F                                   Seed:  92   Index:  76
Tower of Zot 5F                                   Seed:  92   Index: 136
Battle: Magus Sisters                             Seed:  92   Index: 159
Tower of Zot 5F                                   Seed:  92   Index: 159
Tower of Zot 6F                                   Seed:  92   Index: 160
Battle: Valvalis                                  Seed:  92   Index: 174
Castle Baron                                      Seed:  92   Index: 174
Fly to Agart                                      Seed:  92   Index: 193
Overworld (Agart)                                 Seed:  92   Index: 193
Underworld (Castle of Dwarves)                    Seed:  92   Index: 194
Castle of Dwarves Walk                            Seed:  92   Index: 195
  Castle of Dwarves                               Seed:  92   Index: 195
    Optional Steps: 20
Underworld (Castle of Dwarves)                    Seed: 109   Index:  70
  Step  12: 54 / Dark Imp x3, Armadilo x1, BlackLiz x1 (6.753s)
  Step  44: 55 / Dark Imp x3, Armadilo x1, BlackLiz x1 (6.753s)
  Step  46: 56 / Dark Imp x4 (6.679s)
  Step  66: 57 / Dark Imp x4 (6.679s)
Tower of Bab-il 1F                                Seed: 109   Index: 193
Tower of Bab-il 2F                                Seed: 109   Index: 211
Tower of Bab-il 3F                                Seed: 109   Index: 249
  Step  30: 58 / Egg (BlackLiz) x1 (7.624s)
Tower of Bab-il 4F                                Seed: 126   Index:  51
  Step  29: 59 / Tortoise x2, BlackLiz x2 (7.069s)
  Step  35: 60 / Egg (BlackLiz) x1 (7.624s)
  Step  61: 61 / Tortoise x2, BlackLiz x2 (7.069s)
Tower of Bab-il 5F                                Seed: 126   Index: 113
  Step  42: 62 / Chimera x2 (8.558s)
  Step  47: 63 / Chimera x1, Tofu x3 (7.080s)
Tower of Bab-il 6F                                Seed: 126   Index: 170
Tower of Bab-il 7F                                Seed: 126   Index: 182
  Step  33: 64 / Alert (summons Chimera) x1 (7.249s)
Tower of Bab-il 8F                                Seed: 126   Index: 225
Battle: Dr.Lugae                                  Seed: 126   Index: 250
Tower of Bab-il 8F                                Seed: 126   Index: 250
  Step  20: 65 / Chimera x2 (8.437s)
Tower of Bab-il 7F                                Seed: 143   Index:  20
Tower of Bab-il 6F                                Seed: 143   Index:  64
Tower of Bab-il 5F                                Seed: 143   Index:  77
  Step  30: 66 / Chimera x1, FlameMan x1 (8.594s)
  Step  33: 67 / Chimera x1, FlameMan x1 (8.594s)
Battle: Dark Imps                                 Seed: 143   Index: 119
Tower of Bab-il 5F                                Seed: 143   Index: 119
  Step  23: 68 / Chimera x2 (8.882s)
  Step  33: 69 / Chimera x1 (10.965s)
Tower of Bab-il 4F                                Seed: 143   Index: 163
  Step  11: 70 / Tortoise x2, BlackLiz x2 (10.078s)
Tower of Bab-il 3F                                Seed: 143   Index: 225
  Step  15: 71 / Tortoise x2, BlackLiz x1 (9.348s)
  Step  47: 72 / Tofu x6 (7.767s)
Tower of Bab-il 2F                                Seed: 160   Index:  19
Tower of Bab-il 1F                                Seed: 160   Index:  57
Travel to Baron                                   Seed: 160   Index:  72
Castle Baron                                      Seed: 160   Index:  72
Airship Hook                                      Seed: 160   Index:  85
Overworld (Eblan)                                 Seed: 160   Index:  85
Cave Eblana B1F                                   Seed: 160   Index:  86
  Step  22: 73 / Ironback x2 (8.970s)
Cave Eblana B2F                                   Seed: 160   Index: 128
  Optional Steps: 2
  Extra Steps: 80
Pass to Bab-il (south)                            Seed: 177   Index:  10
Pass to Bab-il (north)                            Seed: 177   Index:  41
  Step   1: 74 / Red Bone x3, Skull x2 (7.180s)
Pass to Bab-il (south)                            Seed: 177   Index:  74
  Step  48: 75 / Skull x3 (9.861s)
Pass to Bab-il (north) Inward Save Room Steps     Seed: 177   Index: 138
  Pass to Bab-il (north)                          Seed: 177   Index: 138
  Pass to Bab-il (north) Save Room                Seed: 177   Index: 142
    Extra Steps: 28
  Pass to Bab-il (north)                          Seed: 177   Index: 170
Recruit Edge                                      Seed: 177   Index: 193
Remove Dwarf Axe before Rubicant                  Seed: 177   Index: 193
Pass to Bab-il (north)                            Seed: 177   Index: 193
Tower of Bab-il 1F                                Seed: 177   Index: 196
  Step   6: 76 / BlackCat x2 (7.164s)
  Step  38: 77 / Sorcerer (summons Mad Ogre) x1, BladeMan x2 (7.158s)
  Step  78: 78 / Sorcerer (summons Mad Ogre) x1, BladeMan x2 (7.158s)
  Step  79: 79 / Sorcerer (summons Mad Ogre) x1, BladeMan x2 (7.158s)
Tower of Bab-il B2F                               Seed: 194   Index:  22
Tower of Bab-il B3F                               Seed: 194   Index:  96
  Step   8: 80 / Sorcerer (summons BladeMan) x1, BladeMan x2 (7.148s)
  Step  10: 81 / Sorcerer (summons BladeMan) x1, BladeMan x2 (7.148s)
Tower of Bab-il B4F                               Seed: 194   Index: 109
  Step  47: 82 / Egg (Lamia) x1 (7.601s)
Tower of Bab-il B3F                               Seed: 194   Index: 176
  Step   8: 83 / Sorcerer (summons BladeMan) x1, BladeMan x2 (7.148s)
  Step  15: 84 / Sorcerer (summons Green D.) x1, BladeMan x2 (7.209s)
  Step  38: 85 / Mad Ogre x3 (7.087s)
Tower of Bab-il B4F                               Seed: 194   Index: 218
Tower of Bab-il B5F                               Seed: 194   Index: 221
Battle: Rubicant                                  Seed: 194   Index: 248
Tower of Bab-il B5F                               Seed: 194   Index: 248
Tower of Bab-il 8F                                Seed: 194   Index: 249
Tower of Bab-il 7F                                Seed: 211   Index:   9
  Step  13: 86 / Grudger x2, BladeMan x2 (7.293s)
Tower of Bab-il 6F                                Seed: 211   Index:  33
Fly to Castle of Dwarves                          Seed: 211   Index:  83
Castle of Dwarves                                 Seed: 211   Index:  83
  Optional Steps: 3
Underworld (Castle of Dwarves)                    Seed: 211   Index: 109
Sealed Cave                                       Seed: 211   Index: 110
Underworld (Sealed Cave)                          Seed: 211   Index: 117
Return to Castle of Dwarves                       Seed: 211   Index: 118
Castle of Dwarves                                 Seed: 211   Index: 118
  Extra Steps: 20
Underworld (Castle of Dwarves)                    Seed: 211   Index: 139
Return to Mysidia                                 Seed: 211   Index: 140
Overworld (Mysidia)                               Seed: 211   Index: 140
Fly to Lunar Path                                 Seed: 211   Index: 143
Lunar Overworld                                   Seed: 211   Index: 143
Lunar Path (west)                                 Seed: 211   Index: 148
Lunar Overworld                                   Seed: 211   Index: 186
  Step  14: 87 / MoonCell x2, Pudding x2 (7.782s)
  Step  21: 88 / Balloon x2, Grenade x2 (7.502s)
Lunar Path (east)                                 Seed: 211   Index: 221
  Step  21: 89 / Pudding x2, Grenade x2 (7.799s)
  Step  23: 90 / Pudding x4 (7.832s)
Lunar Overworld                                   Seed: 211   Index: 252
  Step   7: 91 / MoonCell x2, Pudding x2 (7.782s)
Recruit FuSoYa                                    Seed: 228   Index:  13
Lunar Overworld                                   Seed: 228   Index:  13
Lunar Path (east)                                 Seed: 228   Index:  31
  Step  24: 92 / Pudding x2, Grenade x2 (7.914s)
Lunar Overworld                                   Seed: 228   Index:  62
Lunar Path (west)                                 Seed: 228   Index:  97
  Step  34: 93 / Slime x1, Tofu x1, Pudding x1 (7.648s)
  Step  35: 94 / Slime x1, Tofu x1, Pudding x1 (7.648s)
Lunar Overworld                                   Seed: 228   Index: 135
Giant of Bab-il Mouth                             Seed: 228   Index: 140
  Optional Steps: 1
Giant of Bab-il Neck                              Seed: 228   Index: 159
Giant of Bab-il Chest                             Seed: 228   Index: 161
  Step   3: 95 / Horseman x1, Beamer x2 (7.663s)
  Step  29: 96 / MacGiant x1 (7.514s)
  Step  31: 97 / Horseman x1, Beamer x2 (7.663s)
  Step  67: 98 / Horseman x1, Beamer x1, Machine x1 (7.709s)
Giant of Bab-il Stomach                           Seed: 228   Index: 243
Grind Fight Search                                Seed: 245   Index:  36
  Giant of Bab-il Passage                         Seed: 245   Index:  36
    Step  21: 99 / MacGiant x1, Machine x1, Beamer x1 (7.694s)
    Step  29: 100 / Searcher (summons D.Machin) x1, Beamer x2 (7.658s)
   (Step  77: 101 / MacGiant x1, Machine x1, Beamer x1)
   (Step  90: 102 / MacGiant x1)
   (Step  93: 103 / Searcher (summons Horseman) x1, Beamer x2)
   (Step 126: 104 / MacGiant x1)
   (Step 143: 105 / MacGiant x1)
   (Step 158: 106 / D.Machin x1)
   (Step 174: 107 / MacGiant x1)
  Giant of Bab-il Lung                            Seed: 245   Index:  97
   (Step  16: 101 / Searcher (summons D.Machin) x1, Beamer x2)
   (Step  29: 102 / MacGiant x2)
   (Step  32: 103 / Machine x3, Beamer x2)
   (Step  65: 104 / MacGiant x2)
   (Step  82: 105 / MacGiant x2)
   (Step  97: 106 / MacGiant x1, Horseman x1, Beamer x1)
   (Step 113: 107 / MacGiant x2)
   (Step 215: 108 / MacGiant x1, Horseman x1, Beamer x1)
   (Step 240: 109 / D.Machin x1)
   (Step 246: 110 / MacGiant x2)
Battle: Elements                                  Seed: 245   Index: 105
Giant of Bab-il Lung                              Seed: 245   Index: 105
Giant of Bab-il CPU                               Seed: 245   Index: 112
  Extra Steps: 96
Return to Moon                                    Seed: 245   Index: 210
Lunar Overworld                                   Seed: 245   Index: 210
Lunar Path (west)                                 Seed: 245   Index: 215
Lunar Overworld                                   Seed: 245   Index: 253
Lunar Path (east)                                 Seed:   6   Index:  32
  Step  24: 101 / Juclyote x1, Procyote x2 (7.797s)
Lunar Overworld                                   Seed:   6   Index:  63
Lunar Subterrane B1                               Seed:   6   Index:  80
  Step   1: 102 / Warlock x1, Kary x1 (6.230s)
  Step   7: 103 / Warlock x1 (6.227s)
Lunar Subterrane B2                               Seed:   6   Index: 113
Lunar Subterrane B3                               Seed:   6   Index: 142
  Extra Steps: 26
  Step   4: 104 / D.Bone x1, Warlock x1 (6.199s)
  Step  17: 105 / D.Bone x1, Warlock x1 (6.199s)
  Step  40: 106 / Warlock x2, RedGiant x1 (6.275s)
Lunar Subterrane B4 (upper)                       Seed:   6   Index: 182
  Step   1: 107 / King-Ryu x2 (6.597s)
Lunar Subterrane B4 Passage                       Seed:   6   Index: 238
  Step  20: 108 / Tricker x1 (6.647s)
Lunar Subterrane B4 (lower)                       Seed:  23   Index:  11
Lunar Subterrane B5 (upper)                       Seed:  23   Index:  26
Lunar Subterrane B5 Passage A                     Seed:  23   Index:  43
  Step  24: 109 / King-Ryu x1, Ging-Ryu x1 (6.611s)
Lunar Subterrane B5 (middle)                      Seed:  23   Index:  76
Lunar Subterrane B5 Passage B                     Seed:  23   Index:  85
  Step   8: 110 / King-Ryu x1, Ging-Ryu x1 (6.611s)
  Step  11: 111 / Tricker x1 (6.646s)
Lunar Subterrane B5 Inward Direct                 Seed:  23   Index: 117
  Lunar Subterrane B5 (lower)                     Seed:  23   Index: 117
Lunar Subterrane B6                               Seed:  23   Index: 129
Lunar Subterrane B6 Passage                       Seed:  23   Index: 166
Lunar Subterrane B7 Inward Direct                 Seed:  23   Index: 179
  Lunar Subterrane B7                             Seed:  23   Index: 179
    Step  27: 112 / D.Fossil x1 (6.210s)
    Step  45: 113 / D.Fossil x1 (6.210s)
    Step  60: 114 / King-Ryu x1 (6.565s)
    Step  72: 115 / D.Fossil x1 (6.210s)
Lunar Core B1                                     Seed:  40   Index:   3
  Step  28: 116 / EvilMask x1 (12.170s)
Lunar Core B2                                     Seed:  40   Index:  71
  Step   2: 117 / EvilMask x1 (12.170s)
  Step  23: 118 / EvilMask x1 (12.170s)
  Step  50: 119 / EvilMask x1 (12.170s)
  Step  52: 120 / EvilMask x1 (12.170s)
  Step  54: 121 / Behemoth x1 (7.463s)
Lunar Core B3                                     Seed:  40   Index: 126
Lunar Core B4                                     Seed:  40   Index: 182
  Step  21: 122 / Breath x1 (11.914s)
  Step  59: 123 / Mind x1 (10.119s)

Encounter Time:    975.013s
Other Time:        1870.653s
Total Time:        2845.666s

Base Total Time:   2985.588s
Time Saved:        139.922s

Optional Steps:    44
Extra Steps:       532
Encounters:        123

Base Encounters:   146
Encounters Saved:  23